General Information about Tax Credit: http://tax-credit.adoption.com/
IRS Information about Tax Credit: http://www.irs.gov/instructions/i8839/ch01.html#d0e22
Information from the Washington Times on various ways of affording adoption:
As for help financing an adoption, there are myriad options that can offer some assistance.
There are loans designed exclusively for the purpose of adopting. Organizations like the National Adoption Foundation offer low and no-interest loans for adoptive families to spend on expenses. They even have rates as a low as 0% foot the first six months. The hitch here is that the organization requires a donation in order to process loan applications.
A group called Lifelong for Orphans.org offers interest-free loans.
Right now the federal government is offering substantial tax credits. The adoption tax credit was extended and expanded by the healthcare legislation in 2010. The adoption credit is calculated on Form 8839 Qualified Adoption Expenses (PDF). You may claim an adoption credit of up to $13,170 (for tax year 2010) per eligible child.
This is credit, meaning if you owe less than the credit, the government will send you a check for the remainder. This credit will sunset in 2013. It will be reduced to $5,00 per adoption and $6,000 for special needs adoption. For more information, check out the Red Thread column on federal adoption tax credits.
Many States offer extensive tax credits – up to $10,000. To learn more about your state's specific tax credits, contact your state Division of Family Services and State Tax Office to ask about tax credits for adoption and/or to find out if you qualify for any special state subsidy programs. For more details on state adoption tax credits, see the recent Red Thread column on state adoption tax credits.
Many religious and non-profit organizations offer grants of anywhere from $200 to $5,000 to help defray adoption costs. Although an online search can yield some results, try reaching out to your church or synagogue first since they are likely to be the biggest financial supporter in your community.
Many companies have adoption assistance programs (AAPs). Check with your employer’s human resource department to see if they have an AAP or other adoption assistance benefits. To learn more about these programs, check out these resources:
or the Dave Thomas Foundation's Adoption-Friendly Employer List for important details.
Military, Nonrecurring Program
The U.S. government provides a one-time subsidy program to full-time military personnel. Currently, adopting couples and singles can receive up to $2,000 per child per year with a $5,000 cap per member.
Andrea is an adoptive mother and a journalist. She is at work on a book, "The Red Thread," a collection of stories told by families united through adoption. She is also owner of Media Branding International, a public relations/media consulting firm. Read more The Red Thread: An Adoptive Family Forum in The Communities at The Washington Times.